Đồng hồ vạn năng để bàn Keithley 2502 Fiber Alignment Photodiode Meter


Đồng hồ vạn năng để bàn Keithley 2502 Fiber Alignment Photodiode Meter

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Đồng hồ vạn năng để bàn độ chính xác cao, dãy đo rộng Keithley 2502 Fiber Alignment Photodiode Meter

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The Model 2502 Dual-Channel Picoammeter provides two independent picoammeter-voltage source channels for a wide range of low level measurement applications including laser diode testing. The Model 2502 is also designed to increase the throughput of Keithley’s LIV (light-current-voltage) test system for production testing of laser diode modules (LDMs). Developed in close cooperation with leading manufacturers of LDMs for fiberoptic telecommunication networks, this dual-channel instrument has features that make it easy to synchronize with other system elements for tight control over optical power measurements. The Model 2502 features a high speed analog output that allows using the LIV test system at the fiber alignment stage of the LDM manufacturing process. Through the use of buffer memory and a Trigger Link interface that’s unique to Keithley instruments, the Model 2502 can offer the fastest throughput available today for LIV testing of laser diode modules. These instruments are ruggedly engineered to meet the reliability and repeatability demands of continuous operation in round-the-clock production environments.

Low-Level, High Speed Measurements

The Model 2502 combines Keithley’s expertise in low-level current measurements with high speed current measurement capabilities. Each channel of this instrument consists of a voltage source paired with a high speed picoammeter. Each of the two channels has an independent picoammeter and voltage source with measurements made simultaneously across both channels.

Part of a High Speed LIV Test System

In a laser diode module DC/CW test stand, the Model 2502 provides the voltage bias to both the back facet monitor diode and a Model 2500INT Integrating Sphere or to a fiber-coupled photodetector. At the same time it applies the voltage biases, it measures the current outputs of the two photodetectors and converts these outputs to measurements of optical power. The conversion is performed with the user-programmed calibration coefficient for the wavelength of the laser diode module. Fast, accurate measurements of optical power are critical for analyzing the coupling efficiency and optical power characteristics of the laser diode being tested. When testing modules with multiple detectors, the Model 2502 packs more testing capabilities into less test rack space.

Fiber Alignment

The Model 2502’s built-in high speed analog output makes it suitable for precision fiber alignment tasks. This instrument combines the ability to align the optical fiber quickly and accurately with a laser diode’s optimum light emitting region and the capability to make precision LIV measurements, all in the same test fixture. The Model 2502’s wide dynamic range allows early beam skirt detection, reducing the time required for fiber alignment. An LIV sweep can be performed during the alignment process to optimize fiber location for an entire operating range. High speed feedback minimizes delays in the alignment process, so it’s unnecessary to sacrifice alignment speed to ensure accurate device characterization.

Wide Dynamic Measurement Range

The Model 2502 offers low current measurement ranges from 2nA to 20mA in decade steps. This provides for all photodetector current measurement ranges for testing laser diodes and LEDs in applications such as LIV testing, LED total radiance measurements, measurements of cross-talk and insertion loss on optical switches, and many  others. The Model 2502 meets industry testing requirements for the transmitter as well as pump laser modules. The extensive current measurement range provides excellent sensitivity and resolution for beam current and radiation monitoring measurements.

High Accuracy Dark Current Measurements

The Model 2502’s 2nA current measurement range is ideal for measuring dark currents and other low currents with 1fA resolution. Once the level of dark current has been determined, the instrument’s REL function automatically subtracts the dark current as an offset so the measured values are more accurate for optical power measurements.

Voltage Bias Capability

The Model 2502 provides a choice of voltage bias ranges: ±10V or ±100V. This choice gives the system integrator the ability to match the bias range more closely to the type of photodetector being tested, typically ±10V for large area photodetectors and ±100V for avalanche-type photodetectors. This ability to match the bias to the photodetector ensures improved measurement linearity and accuracy. Also, the 100V range provides a source voltage for an SEM target bias supply.

High Testing Throughput

The Model 2502 is capable of taking 900 readings/second per channel at 4½-digit  resolution. This speed is comparable with the measurement speed of the Model 2400 SourceMeter  instrument, which is often used in conjunction with the Model 2502 to perform opto electronic device test and characterization. Both instruments support Trigger Link (a proprietary “hardware handshaking”  triggering system that’s unique to Keithley products) and buffer memory. When programmed to execute a sweep, Trigger Link ensures measurement integrity by keeping the source and measurement functions working in lock step while the buffer memories record the measurements. Together, source memory, buffer memory, and Trigger Link eliminate GPIB traffic during a test sweep, improving test throughput  dramatically.

The Model 2502 is designed for tight integration with other 
Keithley instruments that are often used in LIV test systems for 
laser diode  modules. These other instruments include the Model 
2400 SourceMeter ®  and Model 2510 TEC SourceMeter instruments.

Ratio and Delta Measurements

The Model 2502 can provide ratio or delta measurements between the two completely isolated channels, such as the ratio of the back facet monitor detector to the fiber-coupled photodetector at varying levels of input current. These functions can be accessed via the front panel or the GPIB interface. For test setups with multiple detectors, this capability allows for targeted control capabilities for the laser diode module.

Programmable Limits and Filters

As with most Keithley instruments, the Model 2502’s current and voltage limits can be programmed to ensure device protection during critical points such as start of test, etc. These instruments also provide Average and Median filters, which can be applied to the data stored in the buffer memory.

Adaptable to Evolving DUT Requirements

Unlike optical power meters with integrated detectors, the Model 2502 allows the user to choose from a wide range of measurement capabilities simply by selecting an appropriate photodetector and programming the calibration  coefficient of this detector at the wavelength of choice.

Interface Options

To speed and simplify system integration and control, the Model 2502 includes the Trigger Link feature and digital I/O lines, as well as standard IEEE-488 and RS-232 interfaces. The Trigger Link feature combines six independent software selectable trigger lines on a single connector for simple, direct control over all instruments in a system. This feature is  especially useful for reducing total test time if the test involves a sweep. The Model 2502 can sweep through a series of measurements based on triggers received from other instruments. The digital I/O lines simplify external handler control and binning operations.

The Model 2502 Dual-Channel Picoammeter can measure and display either photo-diode current or optical power for two photodiodes with appropriate user- supplied optical power gain/wavelength  calibration factors.

The Model 2502 includes an analog output jack on the rear panel for each channel.


  • Scanning electron microscope (SEM) beam measurements
  • Production testing of:
  • Laser diode modules
  • Chip on submount laser diodes
  • LEDs
  • Passive optical components
  • Laser diode bars
  • Fiber alignment


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General Specifications
SOURCE CAPACITANCE Stable to 10.0nF typical.
INPUT BIAS CURRENT 7 50fA max. @ 23°C.
COMMON MODE ISOLATION Typically 10 9 Ω in parallel with 150nF.
OVERRANGE 105% of measurement range.
MEMORY BUFFER 6000 readings (two 3000 point buffers). Includes selected measured value(s) and time stamp.
PROGRAMMABILITY IEEE-488 (SCPI-1995.0), RS-232, five user- definable power-up states plus factory default and *RST.
Enable Active low input.
Handler Interface Start of test, end of test, 3 category bits. +5V @ 300mA supply.
Digital I/O 1 trigger input, 4 TTL/Relay Drive outputs (33V @ 500mA, diode clamped).
POWER SUPPLY 100V/120V/220V/240V ±10%.
EMC Complies with European Union Directive 89/336/EEC.
VIBRATION MIL-T-28800F Random Class 3.
SAFETY Complies with European Directive 73/23/EEC.
WARM-UP 1 hour to rated accuracy.
DIMENSIONS 89mm high × 213mm wide × 370mm deep (3½ in × 8 3 ⁄ 8 in × 14 9 ⁄ 16 in). Bench configuration (with handle and feet): 104mm high × 238mm wide × 370mm deep (4 1 ⁄ 8 in × 9 3 ⁄ 8 in × 14 9 ⁄ 16 in).
WEIGHT 23.1kg (10.5 lbs).
Operating 0°–50°C, 70% R.H. up to 35°C non-condensing. Derate 3% R.H./°C, 35°–50°C.
Storage –25° to 65°C, non-condensing.